My Adventures to 41 countries around the Globe (largely
thanks to Chess):
The History of Chess
Did you know?
- Chess has a history of over 1,400 years (600 A.D.). Modern Chess has a
history of over 500 years (1475). It is sometimes referred to as “western
chess” or “international chess”.
- The number of distinct 40-move games in chess has been calculated as far
greater than the number of electrons in the observable universe. The number
of electrons is approximately 1075, while the number of unique
chess games is 10120. (source)
- Chess has its own language, the
code system of signs, which makes it possible for all chess players
around the world to communicate with each other and also to read and write
- Caïssa is a mythical Thracian dryad portrayed as the Goddess of Chess,
as invented during the Renaissance by Italian poet Hieronymus Vida. (source)
- July 20th is in 2013 the 89th anniversary of the founding of FIDE (World
Chess Federation) in
Paris (France) in 1924. (source)
- The World Community Calendar celebrates International Chess Day on July
20th (since 1966). (source)
- The International Olympic Committee (IOC) recognizes Chess as a sport
and recognizes the World Chess Federation (FIDE)
as a Sport Federation.
Olympic Council of Asia
recognizes chess as a sport, and recognises the Asian Chess Federation and
FIDE as Sports Federations.
- The Association of IOC Recognised International Sports Federations (ARISF),
constituted in 1984, is currently made up of 32 International Sports
Federations, including the World Chess Federation (FIDE).
- With 177
member federations, FIDE is among the biggest sports federations in the
- FIDE has officially organized its first World Chess Championship
tournament in 1946, when Mikhail Botvinnik became World Chess Champion. FIDE
recognizes all World Chess Champions (starting with William Steinitz) who
were declared World Chess Champions after the tournaments or matches
accepted by the chess world.
- Chess is an affiliate member, or fully recognised, by National Olympic
Committees in 115 countries. (source)
- Young chess players, regardless of ability, age, gender or race may
compete to qualify for consideration for selection to represent their
country. Starting as young as U5, at international individual and team
events and championships, played with blitz, rapid and standard time
controls, such as ASEAN+ Age-Group Individual & Team Championships, Asian
Schools Age-Group Individual Championships, Asian Youth Age-Group Individual
Championships, Asian Junior Individual Championships, Asian Seniors
Individual Championships, Asian Amateur Individual Championships, World
School Age-Group Individual Championships, World Youth Age-Group Individual
Championships, World Junior Individual Championships, ASEAN Individual
Championships, Asian Individual Championships, Asian Clubs Team Champion
Leagues, Commonwealth Individual Championships, Asian Cities Team
Championships, World Individual Championships, World Youth U16 Team
Olympiads, World Team Olympiads and many other.
- Chess athletes are eligible for both national and world (international)
rankings (ratings). World (international) rankings (ratings) are managed by
both FIDE and individual FIDE Chess Federations, and are
published by FIDE.
- Internationally recognized chess player titles are: Woman Candidate
Master (WCM), Candidate Master (CM), Woman FIDE Master (WFM), FIDE Master,
Woman International Master (WIM), International Master (IM), Woman Grand
Master (WGM) and Grand Master (GM).
- International Correspondence Chess Titles are awarded by the
ICCF and recognised by FIDE. ICCF titles include: International
Grandmaster, Senior International Master, International Master, Lady
Grandmaster, Lady International Master and International Arbiter.
- FIDE Arbiters' Seminars offer all internationally recognized and
licensed chess arbiter titles: FIDE Arbiter (FA) and International Arbiter
- FIDE Trainers' Seminars offer internationally recognised and licenced
chess trainer titles: Developmental Instructor (DI), National Instructor
(NI), FIDE Instructor (FI) and FIDE Trainer (FT). Obtaining any of these
trainers’ titles in turn offer, among other benefits, chess training
related part-time and full-time employment opportunities worldwide.
- FIDE Organisers' Seminars offer internationally recognised International
Organiser (IO) title.
- Chess promotes fair game play, sportsmanship, punctuality, high levels
of discipline and training sessions attendance, and character building.
- Chess was incorporated into the
in 2003, 2005, 2011 and 2013.
- Chess was incorporated into the Asian Games in 2006, Asian Indoor Games
in 2007 and the 2013
4th Asian Indoor & Martial Arts Games.
- Chess is featured with medal-events in
Multi-Sport Major Games, such as the Asian Games (AG) (2006,
2010), South East Asian Games (SEA Games) (2003, 2005, 2011), and also in
Multi-Sport Games, such as the Asean Primary Schools Sport Olympiad (APSSO), Asean
ParaGames, Asian Indoor Games (AIG) and World Mind Sports Games (2008).
Multi-Million Dollar Awards Programme provides a cash payout to
Singapore athletes who win gold medals at the Olympic, Asian, Commonwealth,
and South East Asian Games.
National Library Board of Singapore has 1100+ chess books in its
- Singapore has a record 64 consecutive National Individual Championships
- Singapore has a record 64 National Schools Individual Championships
Benefits of Chess:
Chess is rapidly becoming recognized as a popular game, sport, and
educational tool – worldwide.
cognitive abilities, rational thinking, patience, and reasoning.
Chess uncovers both a child’s and
adult’s hidden abilities and talents.
Geniuses are typically recognised as productive creators in only six fields:
science, math, music,
art, literature, and - Chess!
Rating (standard chess):
1. FIDE rating is recognized worldwide as a benchmark of an accomplished
2. FIDE rating offers regional, continental and world international ranking.
3. FIDE rating gives instant recognition among the chess community.
4. FIDE rating is a basic requirement for FIDE player titles: WCM, CM,
WFM, FM, WIM, IM, WGM & GM.
5. FIDE rating helps with eligibility for chess sport jobs such as a chess
trainer, coach, or technical official.
6. FIDE rating gets concessions in entry fees and accommodation in international
7. FIDE rating opens possibilities of acquiring
sponsorships from corporates.
8. FIDE rating determines start ranking at FIDE-rated events.
9. FIDE rating is objective, without specific player, team, regional, or style
10. FIDE rated events provide an avenue to reactivate inactive chess players’
Chess is an exercise of infinite
possibilities for the mind, one which develops mental abilities used throughout
life: concentration, critical thinking, abstract reasoning, problem solving,
pattern recognition, strategic planning, creativity, analysis, synthesis, and
evaluation, to name a few.
View or download “A
Collection of Studies and Papers on Chess and Education“, courtesy of the
Chess in Schools Commission.
The Morals of Chess by Dr Benjamin Franklin
The Benefits of Playing Chess at a a Young Age by FST & GM Susan Polgar
Why Teach Chess in Schools?:
Chess has a mathematical basis. Mathematics is the tool of
science, the language of technology and organised thought.
Chess develops cognitive ability: attention, memory,
analysis, and logic; all fundamental building blocks for personal growth.
Chess is applicable to everyday life. It helps children
develop the skills and social dexterity so important in society.
Chess encourages self-assessment, healthy competition and
Chess encourages study and preparation as the way to achieve
pre-set objectives and for the purpose of individual improvement.
- Chess is an excellent use of a child’s free time.
The playing of chess can be exciting and therefore
undertaken with enthusiasm.
The equipment necessary to play chess – board and set of
pieces – are cheap, durable and easily available.
Top 100 Benefits of Chess:
- Why Chess? Why not?
If still in doubt, how about this: